Stress Medications

Pills to Treat Depression

Depression is a disease that alters the human mind’s ability to think, feel, react and function normally. When the mind reaches such a state, it affects the daily activities of the affected person. Everyone feels melancholic every now and then. Prolonged sadness that a person cannot seem to come out of is usually an indicator of the onset of depression. Depression can affect any one of any gender or any age.

To overcome the problem of depression, there are a number of types of antidepressant drugs that  are available in the market that have proved to be very helpful.

The different types of drugs work in different ways and each type may be recommended in specific circumstances. The end result however is the same. These drugs are meant to treat the symptoms of depression.

The earlier drugs had some pronounced side effects and many have been discontinued. However, on account of advances in medical sciences the new drugs have relatively fewer side effects.

It is essential that you consult  a doctor before opting for these pills. Only a qualified doctor can assess your profile and prescribe a suitable drug. There are three main types of antidepressant drugs that are used to treat depression.

1) Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
2) Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs)
3) Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs).

The most commonly prescribed of medication are SSRIs. These  pills were introduced in the USA in 1988. They increase the availability of serotonin (neurotransmitters responsible for the mood) in the brain. SSRIs have the lowest risk as compared to other antidepressants but this does not mean that these are completely free from side effects.

The most common side effects caused by SSRIs are weight gain and sexual dysfunction. For instance, SSRIs may cause impotence in men and may cause weight gain in women. Examples of SSRIs depression pills are Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Lexapro, Celexa and Luvox.
Many  doctors advise to avoid antidepressant and suggest alternatives like exercise, behavioral therapy, counseling and a healthy lifestyle in order to avoid the side effects of using antidepressants.

Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs) are another type of antidepressant drug.
Another type of antidepressant pill is Tricyclics (TCAs). These are a bit older than SSRIs. These are not as popular as SSRIs as they have more side effects as compared to SSRIs. Possible side effects of  TCAs are:

* Constipation
* Sexual dysfunction
* Bad vision
* Drowsiness
* Dizziness
* Dry mouth
* Bad bladder

These medicines are not commonly prescribed by doctors. The common examples of TCAs are ELAVIL, TOFRANIL and ANAFRANIL.

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) are those antidepressant pills that are as such not  prescribed by the doctors until and unless the problem is out of control. MAOIs have serious side effects and a number of these drugs are not in use anymore.

It has been discovered that one of the contributing factors of depression is deficiency of vitamins. Doctors have found that taking vitamin tablets along with the other antidepressant pills can prove to be helpful in helping the patient to recover from depression.