Anxiety And Tension

Anxiety and Mood Disorders

Anxiety is  abnormal reaction towards any stressful situation. Normally people do experience anxiety and some anxiety is normal as long as people can handle it. However, anxiety disorder happens when anxiety levels increase and people find it difficult to cope with. On the other hand, mood disorders happen when there are sudden fluctuations in a person’s mood.

Mood disorder can be of two types i.e. depression and bipolar disorder.  It is not easy to describe what mood and anxiety disorders are. Major Depressive Disorder, Generalized anxiety disorder, Bipolar disorder, Dysthymia and a variety of other specific types of mental health problems, all of these are among the most common of mood and anxiety disorders.

Mood disorders can literally affect anyone, whether teenager or elderly, man or woman, wealthy or poor. The problems are due to disturbances in the function of the brain that may be because of physiological or environmental reasons.

Some types of anxiety disorders are generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, separation anxiety and exposure anxiety.

Depression and anxiety frequently coexist. Patients with the combination of the two are the rule rather than the exception. Depression is of several types. Examples are major depression, dysthymia and bipolar depression. Major depressive disorder or unipolar major depression is the most predominant one. This disorder is pervasive, intense and attacks the mind and body at the same time. Symptoms include sadness; emptiness; weight change; change in sleep pattern; worthlessness and thoughts of death or suicide.


Dysthymia is a milder form of depression that lasts two years or more. Although it is the second most common type of depression, people with dysthymia have only mild symptoms. As a result, the condition may remain undiagnosed and untreated. 

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a type of mental illness where the individual's disposition typically varies overly high or bad-tempered to hopelessness and then with phases of regular humor.

Symptoms of it include extreme irritability; extreme high or euphoric feelings; restlessness; increased sexual drive; abuse of drugs or alcohol and in severe cases, hallucinations and loss of reason.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) involves excessive, unrealistic worry that lasts six months or more. Additionally, other GAD symptoms include trembling, insomnia, dizziness, and irritability. The anxiety may focus on issues such as health, money, or career in adults.
How are mood and anxiety disorders diagnosed?

Mood and anxiety disorders can only be diagnosed through a careful interview carried out by a health professional such as psychiatrists, psychologists, and other mental health professionals. X-Rays or other pathological tests are not helpful in diagnosing mood and anxiety disorders. Mental health professionals will examine various symptoms, life circumstances and habits, family history and other factors.

How are mood and anxiety disorders treated?

Several forms of therapy and medication cure mood and anxiety disorders. The exact treatment may differ according to the diagnosis and the decision made by the mental health professional.

Simple counseling might be all that is necessary if your symptoms are mild. Counseling can be very effective for many mood and anxiety disorders. Appropriate medications are also one of the most effective treatments for mood disorders.

Anti-anxiety medications generally belong to a chemical group called the benzodiazepines. For the short-term relief of anxiety symptoms, they are widely used, safe, and effective. Antidepressants are also effective as these medications restore balance.

In treating mood and anxiety disorders, a crucial step is to encourage a visit to a healthcare professional who can help assess the problem. You should ensure that any medication is taken consistently and appropriately. An understanding and caring approach is very necessary to treat patients with anxiety disorders.