Anxiety And Tension

Basics of Mood Disorders

Mood swings is something that most of us suffer from at various times in life but Mood Disorders are completely different. The term Affective Disorder was proposed by psychiatrist Henry Maudsley for this mental condition. However, later it was changed to Mood Disorders so as to correctly reflect the mental state of the patient as opposed to what is being observed by the outsiders. Any disturbance in the mood of a person is hypothesized as the main underlying feature of Mood Disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV TR).

Psycho therapists inform about two kinds of mood disorders. These are Unipolar and Bipolar. Being mood disorders, both of them share a roughly common set of symptoms. Moreover both can be genetic in nature. In addition to these two, you may also come across the Situational Depression. This is not a common condition but is not any less worrisome. Here the depression is induced by only a particular event or set of events. In the absence of these events, the person reverts to a healthy, normal mood.

Difference between Unipolar and Bipolar mood disorder
These are two different kinds of mood disorder. Obviously they have different symptoms and have different types of treatment. At the foremost it must be understood that these mood disorders can go so much out of hand that the victim may become suicidal. The key is that victims of bipolar mood disorder display cases of hypermania, making the situation all the more difficult.

At the face of it, depression is by itself, half of the component of bipolar mood disorder. Apart from these general depression related aspects, there are cases of acute aggression, mania, symptoms of intense anxiety, OCD and ADHD, Other symptoms may include rapid cycling agitation though psychosis has been noticed in isolated cases as well. In some cases, you may even notice symptoms as those of advanced level of depression.

Differences with regard to diagnosis
The key tenet of Bipolar mood disorder is that the victim will sleep a lot. It may be accompanied by extensive fatigue. Plus such people tend to become gluttonous and gain weight with absurd rapidity. As opposed to this, people with unipolar problem are unable to go to sleep. They will be up till late in night and will get up fairly early in the morning. As a result they tend to become sleep deprived. In addition, they tend to lose weight at a rapid pace.

Bipolar mood disorder also increases the overall anxiety levels of the person. In fact more than half of the people who suffer from bipolar mood disorder, tend to suffer from Generalized Anxiety Disorder.

These disorders have different treatment and can be completely cured with appropriate psychological help.