Anxiety And Tension

Medications for Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety can become a serious disease if not treated at the right time. Several antidepressants are available in market for treating the problem. These medicines may have several unwanted side effects. Therefore, it is advisable to consult a doctor before taking any medicines.

There are some antidepressants that should not be taken for an extended period of time. You should always ask the possible side effects of antidepressant drugs. Never forget to ask the doctor if there are any alternatives to antidepressant drugs.

Examples of anxiety medications:

Beta Blockers
Although Beta-blockers are primarily used to treat symptoms of hypertension and cardiac arrhythmia, these drugs may be prescribed by doctors to treat the symptoms of social anxiety. The symptoms include body shaking, trembling and blushing, and increased heartbeat. The side effects of these medicines are headache, insomnia, memory loss and change in heart rate, diarrhea, muscular aches and nightmares.

*Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MOI)
This class of drugs is one of the oldest antidepressants. The most common example of MOIs is Phenelzine. These are usually not prescribed by doctors because of possible and serious side effects. They are recommended only when the problem gets out of control.

* This medicine was formulated around 45-50 years back. It is commonly known as Mothers Little Helper. They were specially designed for women who were tense as a result of domestic issues. In the beginning, these were distributed like sweets to promote them. However, this resulted in addiction and other side effects.

The common side effects of this medicine are mental disorder, drowsiness, slurred speech, less occupational efficiency, problems in sexual life, irritability, low mood.

*Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
This is the most commonly prescribed medicine as this has fewer side effects than other antidepressants. This class of drugs helps to increase the availability of the chemical serotonin in the brain. The common side effects of SSRIs are constipation, sexual dysfunction, bad vision, drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, sudden weight gain and urinary incontinence. Examples of SSRIs depression pills are Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Lexapro, Celexa and Luvox.

* Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
Tricyclic antidepressants work in a way similar to SSRIs but act not only on serotonin but also on the neurotransmitter called norepinephrine. According to professionals, TCAs are the most suitable medication for treating anxiety depression. However, as with other classes of antidepressant drugs, these drugs may also have side effects, such as dry mouth, urinary retention, constipation and dizziness.

The class of drugs known as Benzodiazepines are an example of an anxiolytic that is prescribed by doctors. The common examples of Benzodiazepines are Valium, Klonopin, Serax and Alprazolam.

Antidepressants are a class of potent drugs that should be used only under the supervision of a qualified psychiatrist. Self-medication with some of these drugs may result in addiction and other undesirable side effects.