Anxiety And Tension

Post Traumatic Stress

Post tramatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder which is triggered by the memories of a traumatic event, an event that directly affected you or that you witnessed.


The disorder often affects survivors of some traumatic events, like sexual assault, war, physical assault, torture, a natural disaster, an airplane crash, an automobile accident and a hostage situation. Post traumatic stress disorder can also affect rescue workers at the site of a mass shooting or an airplane crash. It affects anybody who has witnessed a tragic accident. For more information on "post tramatic stress", read Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Is A State, Contingent Upon Happening Of An Event.

Understanding the stressors and having relevant information on stress reduction, are of prime importance in identifying your problem. Effective stress management is possible only after you have passed through the identification step. Certain stress management tools, stress management games and stress management courses are also available to come to your rescue. Symptoms and signs of post traumatic stress disorder usually appear within three months of the event. Whereas, in some cases, these may not surface until years after the event and tend to include:

A) Distress
B) Flashbacks and distressing dreams
C) Feelings of detachment or estrangement from others
D) Efforts to avoid thoughts, feelings and activities
E) Markedly diminished participation in activities or interest in them
F) Physical and psychological hypersensitivity, including at least two of the following reactions:

anger, trouble sleeping, difficulty while concentrating, startled response to noise. The physiological reactions may include a rapid heart rate, an increased blood pressure, muscle tension, a rapid breathing, nausea and diarrhea.

Medications:

A) Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
B) Tranquilizers
C) Cognitive-behavior therapy
D) Stress management training
E) Cognitive therapy