Anxiety And Tension

Is Your Child Suffering From Separation Anxiety Disorder?


Nearly 4% of the children deal with Separation Anxiety Disorder. This problem is most common in children in the age group of seven to nine. In most cases, the problem disappears as the child grows up and becomes more secure. However, in some cases the problem can continue till adulthood and take form of serious psychological disorders such as Agorphobia, Anxiety, Depression and Social Anxiety Disorder.

Causes
There are several factors that can contribute to the development of separation anxiety disorder. Changes in the behavior of a caregiver, genetics, shyness are some factors that could lead to the problem.

* Genetics- If a child's parent has been suffering from anxiety or a related disorder, chances are that the child may also suffer from the same.
* Brain biochemistry- Sometimes, there may be an imbalance in neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are chemical substances that control a person's thoughts and feelings. Imbalance of neurotransmitters can make a person feel depressed.
* Fight or flight mechanism- When the body is posed with an unfavorable situation, it takes up the fight or flight mechanism. However, sometimes this fight or flight state could be for the wrong reasons like separation from parents.

Symptoms
* Constant stress when away from family or home
* Refusal to sleep alone
* Constant worrying about any kind of harm to either of the parents
* Constant fear of being lost
* Physical problems on being separated from family even for a little while
* Lack of social participation

Effects
Like every other psychological disorder, separation anxiety disorder too has its own set of repercussions. It can affect your child's social skills and hamper his/her social life in general. If not treated on time, Separation Anxiety Disorder could also take form of anxiety disorders at a later stage in life.

Treatment
There are several treatment options for dealing with separation anxiety disorder.

* OTC medications- There are several non-prescription medications that can help your child deal with this disorder. While some of these medicines contain vitamins and minerals, there are others that make use of herbs like Lemon Balm, Chamomile, St. Johns wort and the like. These medicines are known to have considerable effect in treating the problem.
* Behavioral therapy- This therapy helps your child stay calm and composed in times of stress. It trains your child to deal with stressful situations so that he can think with a clearer and calmer mind.
* Cognitive therapy- This therapy helps your child work on thoughts that trigger stress. It helps alter the thinking pattern of the child to ward of stress and anxiety.

Now that you know all about the problem, you should be able to help your child deal with it in a much better manner.